Tours to Jewish Heritage in East Poland


Jewish Traces North East Poland

  • CHELM

    Year of construction unknown synagogue, now the seat of Chief Technical Organization (NOT). Cemetery Street. Founded Starościńska not known, the 1.94-hectare surface, partially fenced, much devastated, surviving several tombstones; Some tombstones are located at Volyn. Jews lived in Chelm in the twelfth century, the first documents date from 1442 years. In the sixteenth century became known widely Reb Aron Judah from Chelm, in turn rabbi of Lublin, Chelm and Belzec. His son was (also known) Elijah Baal Shem of Chelm. In 1550 they lived in Chelm 371 Jews. Teachers in the famous yeshiva were m.in .: Simeon and Solomon Zalman Auerbach. In the years 1606-1615 Rabbi Samuel Eliezer ben Judah Edels. Harder-who he became the assault blow Cossacks in times of rebellion Khmelnytsky and bloody massacre of the Jews of Chelm. In the eighteenth century saw the development of trade and at the same time a strong influence of Hasidism. In 1765 it was 1,500 Jews, 2,493 in 1857, and in 1931 year-to-13 537.W the interwar period were published in Chelm two Jewish weeklies. Just before the war, the city-szkało here about 15 000 Jews. In December 1939, the Germans made the deportation of Jews to Sokal part in the Soviet zone of occupation, and in May 1941 brought to Chelm eye-Lo 2,000 Jews from Slovakia. In May 1942 there was a mass deport-tion to the Sobibor extermination camp.
  • Cycow

    The cemetery was founded in the nineteenth century, the area of ​​0.56 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no traces of the graves.
  • Dorohusk

    Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.3 hectares devastated, partially built, no tombstones.
  • Dubienka

    Founded cemetery is not known, partly fenced area, devastated, no tombstones.
  • Krasnystaw

    Synagogue Year of construction xie known, now is the premises of the local co-operatives. Cemetery, the area called Borek Founded unknown area of 0.5 hectares, not grodzony, devastated, preserved 8 tombstones. The first mention of Jews residing in Krasnystaw dates from 1548 (perhaps lived before), and in 1554 was forbidden to settle. It was only in 1824, Jews were permitted to stay, but only in the surrounding villages. Nevertheless, already in 1857, there were 151 Jews in the town, and in 1897 - already in 1176 (25% of the population). Mainly they engaged in petty trade and crafts. In 1921, there were 1,754 Jews in the whole area - 10 494 people.
  • Krasiczyn

    Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.3 hectares devastated, partially built, no tombstones.
  • Sawin

    The cemetery was founded in the twentieth century, the area of 0.2 hectares, not fenced, destroyed, preserved only two fragments of broken tombstones.
  • Siedliszcze

    The cemetery was founded in the thirteenth century, the area of 0.93 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no trace of graves, wooded area.
  • REJOWIEC

    Cemetery Founded unknown area of 1.44 hectares, not fenced, destroyed, no tombstones, now - arable field.
  • Sobibor

    Monument erected in honor of murdered at least 250 000 Jews in the place where there was a death camp, founded by the Germans in March 1942; They were brought to transports of Jews from Polish, Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, the Netherlands and the Soviet Union. The victims were murdered in the gas chambers, corpses were burned. After the revolt of prisoners September 14, 1943. year (300 prisoners managed to escape from the camp) Germany closed down the camp and tried to erase all traces of the crime.
  • Swierz

    Cemetery Founded unknown area of 0.36 hectares, not fenced, devastated, survived only two fragments of broken tombstones.
  • Wereszyn

    Monument, on the edge of the village unveiled in October 1988, with the inscription on the plate (imported from Israel) in Polish and Hebrew: "This place is the grave of my countrymen Wereszczyn Jews murdered by the Nazis on May 14, 1942. Rescued Zonsztajn Miriam" Miriam, 9 then -year-old girl was the only survivor of 300 Jews from the town of Wereszczyn and after the war settled in Israel, the dream of her life was to commemorate loved ones. The grave wells (existing today, though long buried) next to the Catholic cemetery, Germany during the war threw the body of murdered Jews; no character array or other memory.
  • Wlodawa

    The synagogue was built in 1762, restored after the war, is now a museum, where is the exposition of the history of Polish Jews. The synagogue was built in the nineteenth century, restored in 1970. Kahal house built in the mid-nineteenth "century, devastated during the war, renovated in 1947. Cemetery Street. Rural Founded not known, post-top 3 hectares, destroyed, preserved only two tombstones of the cemetery occupied by buildings warehouses. Organized commune existed here in the seventeenth century, baroque synagogue was built in 1762. In 1765 taxes paid 630 Jews. In 1897 he lived in Wlodawa 3670 Jews (accounted for 66% of the population), and in 1921 -4196 year (67%). Just before the outbreak of the war there were about 5650 Jews. The ghetto the Germans established in 1941, in April 1942 brought to Włodawa 800 Jews from Krakow and Mlawa and the 1000 Vienna. The spring of 1942 young Jews fled to the forest, the leader of the guerrillas was Yechiel Grynszpan. Germany announced that for these ,. which return from the forest, you create a separate "mild" ghetto. Those, however, who had been called immediately deported to the Sobibor extermination camp. In June 1942, the Germans gathered all the Jewish children deported them to Sobibor and there murdered. Soon transported to the camp destruction of the rest of the housing-cow ghetto.
  • Wojsławice

    Synagogue, the Market was built around 1890, currently houses a warehouse. Synagogues and at markets built after 1780, is currently being renovated for the purpose of a library. Cemetery Street. Founded Grabowicka not known, the area devastated, no trace of graves, a part of the cemetery was built after the war-not a veterinary clinic. Founded cemetery is not known, area of 0.62 hectare, fenced grid, devastated, survived only 2 pieces of broken tombstones.
  • Baranow

    Cemetery Founded unknown area of ​​3 he
  • Belzyce

    Cemetery Street. Founded Bednarska not known, after-surface of 0.8 hectares, destroyed, no trace of current urban development. The cemetery, on the road to Wierzchowiska Founded not known, fenced grid, devastated completely, tombstones no. The first Jews settled in Bełżyce the early sixteenth century, engaged in trade. At the end of the sixteenth century he lived here the famous Jewish doctor Yakov Nahman. In 1764, there were 949 Jews in Bełżyce, in 1897 - 1705. In the late nineteenth century became known widely Rabbi Gedaliah Samuel Jakobson. In 1921, there were 1,882 Jews, and just before the war - about 2100. The German occupation began from mid-September 1939. In 1940 the Germans brought to Bełżyce about 300 Jews from Szczecin, in 1941 - 500 out of 500 Krakow and Lublin, in May 1942 - a few thousand Jews from Germany. In October 1942, about 3,000 Jews were deported to the Majdanek camp near Lublin. The total liquidation of the ghetto bełżyckiego took place in March 1943; some Jews murdered by Germany on the spot, and about 600 were deported to the camp at Budzyn.
  • Biskupice

    Cemetery, the area known as the settlement was founded in the eighteenth century, the area of ​​0.7 hectares, not fenced, devastated, saved about 20 tombstones, the oldest of which dates from 1772 years. Warning! According to historical data were Biskupicach two cemeteries, the second so far failed to locate.
  • Borowniki

    The cemetery was founded in the nineteenth century, buried in the mainly Jews from distant 6 kilometers Deblin area of ​​1.8 hectares, not fenced, vandalized, 10 tombstones preserved; mass grave of 300 Jews murdered during the occupation by the Germans. Germany exported from the cemetery gravestones aside and explained to them the sidewalks, among others, along the market and the street Okólna, perhaps these tombstones today are there?
  • Bychawa

    The synagogue was built around the mid-nineteenth century, now a warehouse of the local cooperative. Cemetery . Founded not known, area of ​​0.5 hectare, fenced grid, devastated, no tombstones. Cemetery . Founded not known, not fenced, destroyed, now farmland.
  • Chodel

    Cemetery Founded in 1872, not fenced, completely destroyed. Today the cemetery is open sand mine, furnished by the former local authorities.
  • Deblin

    Synagogue Street. Okólna Year of construction is not known, devastated during the war, after the war for some time the building housed the steam, after the restoration TV repair facility. Tables and, at the Catholic cemetery on board a symbolic monument to the victims of Nazism modest mention of Jews
  • Głusk

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, now in ruins. The cemetery was founded in the eighteenth century, the area of ​​0.9 hectares, not fenced, completely devastated; the tombstones were made, among others, sidewalks curbs Birch Street in Głusko. In Głusko was born in the second half of the eighteenth century, Abraham Abbe, one of the pioneers of the Haskalah in Poland.
  • Janowiec

    Founded cemetery is not known, not fenced, completely devastated, tombstones no.
  • Jastkow

    Founded cemetery is not known, not fenced, completely devastated, no tombstones.
  • JOZEFOW

    The synagogue was built in 1737, now preserved only ruin the walls to the height of the cornice. The cemetery, located 1 km from the town was founded in the eighteenth century, the area of ​​1.3 hectares, not fenced, devastated, survived dozens of pieces of broken tombstones.
  • Kamionka

    Cemetery, after-surface of 0.9 hectares, not fenced, devastated, preserved 8 tombstones.
  • Kazmierz Dolny

    The synagogue was built in the eighteenth century, rebuilt after the war to appropriate a cinema, now - cinema; on one of the outer walls a plaque commemorating the 3,000 Jews of Kazimierz were murdered by the Germans. Cemetery Street. Lublin Founded in the sixteenth century, completely destroyed, now the school playground. Cemetery Street. Czerniawy Founded in 1851, area of ​​0.71 hectares, not fenced, wooded, surviving a few tombstones standing; during the occupation of Germany tombstones from the cemetery cobbled courtyard, after the war the initiative inż.Tadeusza Augustynka mined from the earth hundreds of broken tombstones and built with them in the cemetery memorial lapidary with an unusual expression. Judaica so-called. gold museum, located in the basement of the building off the market starej- is exposed, among others, a collection of beautiful silver Jewish (besamim, crown of Torah, candlesticks and other objects).
  • KOCK

    Founded cemetery is not known, the top 1.75-hectare, fenced with barbed wire, vandalized, 10 tombstones preserved. Jews lived in Kock already in the early seventeenth century. In 1765, there were 793 Jews there, and since 1770 rabbi was Moshe Lima. In 1827, Jews stano-thrashed 36% of the population of the town, dealing with shoemaking, tailoring, pottery, czapnictwem and production of carpets. In the early nineteenth century Kock became one of the most important centers of Hasidism, because in 1829 he settled here the famous tzaddik Mena-chem Mendel Morgenstern, called "Mendel of Kock" (1787-1859), born in Bilgoraj, a disciple of the Seer of Lublin and the Holy Jew of Pshiskhe, teacher heavy Meir of Ger (Góra Kalwaria). In 1913, he opened jeszywę (perhaps building this school still exist?). In 1905 he founded the Jewish trade union was active Bund. In 1927, lived in a blanket-ku 2529 Jews (68% of the population of the city). The last rabbi was in 1924 (in 1929 also tzadik) until the war in 1939, Josef Morgenstern. In 1939 lived here about 2,500 Jews. In August 1942 Germany all expelled to Parczewo and there murdered .
  • Konskowola

    The cemetery was founded in the eighteenth century, after-surface 2 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones; they hydrochloride tombstone rescued from the the cemetery is now in a museum in Pulawy.
  • KRASNIK

    The synagogue, built in the seventeenth century and rebuilt in the eighteenth century, devastated during the war, renovated in 1948. The synagogue, built in the years 1637-1654, rebuilt in the years 1823-1857, remonto-Wan after the war, now owned by the City Council. Cemetery Established in not known, after-surface 0.16 hectares completely destroyed, now - urban area. Cemetery Established in not known, after-surface 0.64 hectares completely destroyed, now - urban greenery (park). Cemetery Established in not known, the top 1.82-hectare walled stone, devastated, preserved 3 gravestones. Monument obelisk set the field, it was in 1942-44 labor camp, a subsidiary of Majdanek concentration camp, where three-mano about 3,000 Jews who were forced to work in a German aircraft factory, hundreds of Jews were killed by the harsh conditions and execution.
  • Kurow

    Founded cemetery is not known, not fenced, completely devastated, no tombstones.
  • LUBARTOW

    The cemetery, founded in 1819, area of ​​1.17 hectare, fenced grid, preserved 30 tombstones (the oldest from 1848), lapidary assembled from fragments of broken tombstones. The cemetery, founded in the seventeenth century, completely destroyed - now built-up urban area.
  • LUBLIN

    The synagogue, Year of construction is not known, it is probably is the former synagogue the Holy Brotherhood (Chevra Kadisha), after the renewal of its interior opened in 1987 a small museum under the Memorial Chamber of Jews from Lublin. There are exhibited old photographs, historical objects and board memory of Poles who helped Jews during the Nazi occupation. The cemetery was founded in the sixteenth century, the area of ​​1 hectare, fenced brick walls, preserved about 100 tombstones, the oldest of them is the tomb of Rabbi Jacob Kopelman ha-Levi of 1541 years. There are also graves of other prominent personalities like Rabbi Shalom Tłumacz Wyświetla tłumaczenie dla Szachna (zm.1558), nauczyciel Talmudu Jehuda Lejb ben Meir Aszkenazy (zm.1597), rabin Cwi-Hirsz ben Zacharia Mendel, rabin Jicchok Ajzyk Segal (zm.1735). Cmentarz odwiedzają Żydzi z całego świata, składając kamyki i kwitłech oraz zapalając świece. Szczególnie licznie, zwłaszcza przez chasydów, odwiedzany jest grób jednego z najsławniejszych cadyków, rabiego Jakuba Jicchoka Horowitza (zmarł w 1815 roku), zwanego Jasno-widzem z Lublina. Nie zachowały się natomiast nagrobki innych sławnych osobistości tu pochowanych, jak: rabin Salomon Luria (zmarł 1573), rabin Meir ben Gedalia (zmarł 1616), cadyk Lejbel Eiger (zmarł 1887), naci które-go grobem stał do wojny ohel. Cmentarz, ul. Walecznych Założony w 1829, powierzchnia 8,6 hektara, ogrodzenie murowano metalowe, zachowanych około 50 na-grobków, w roku 1988 ustawiono ohel na miejscu, w którym pochowa-ny był rabin Szapiro; w latach pięćdziesiątych zwłoki rabina ekshumował jego brat i pochował je w Jerozolimie. Cmentarz, ul. Lenina Założony w 1918 roku, nie ogrodzony, całkowicie zdewastowany i zniszczony, obecnie — zieleń miejska (skwer). Cmentarz, na terenie zwanym Wieniawa Założony w 1828 roku, całkowicie zniszczony, obecnie — stadion sportowy. Szkoła rabinacka, ul. Lubartowska 83 Zbudowana w 1930 roku, obecnie —Akademia Medyczna. Szpital żydowski, ul. Lubartowska 83 Zbudowany w 1878 roku, na ścianie budynku odsłonięto w 1986 roku tablicę pamiątkową. Dom starców, ul. Grodzka Na ścianie dawnego żydowskiego domu starców i sierot wmurowana została tablica pamiątkowa. Dom ludowy, ul. Czwartek Na ścianie żydowskiego domu ludowego im. Pereca odsłonięto w 1987 roku tablicę pamiątkową: . Pomnik, pl. Ofiar Getta Odsłonięty w 1963 roku ku czci Żydów lubelskich wymordowanych podczas ostatniej wojny przez Niem-ców. Pomnik i mauzoleum, Majda-nek Na miejscu obozu koncentracyjnego; obóz założony został jesienią 1941 roku na obszarze 270 hektarów w miejscowości (obecnie przedmieście Lublina) Majdanek; obóz funkcjonował do lipca 1944 roku i w tym czasie poniosło tu śmierć 360 000 więźniów, w tym 120 000 Żydów, w wyniku głodu, chorób, tortur, trucia gazem i rozstrzeliwania (np. w dniu 3 listopada 1943 roku Niemcy rozstrzelali jednorazowo 18 400 Żydów). Tablica W miejscu, gdzie stała synagoga Ma-harszal-Szul umieszczono tablicę pamiątkową. Synagoga ta, zbudowana w 1567 roku, została nazwana Mahar szalszui na cześć jej pierwszego rektora Salomona Lurii, a dobudowana do niej na początku XVII mniejsza synagoga nazwana została Maharam-szul na cześć trzeciego rektora, rabina Meira ben Gedalia. Obie zabytkowe synagogi stały jeszcze pó wojnie, lecz w 1954 roku zostały rozebrane na po-lecenie ówczesnych władz miasta. W XIV wieku istniała w Lublinie zorganizowana gmina, ale Żydzi mieszkali tutaj już wcześniej (pierwsza wzmianka z 1316 roku), początkowo na przedmieściu Kazimierz Żydowski (Piaski Żydowskie), potem na stoku wzgórza zamkowego. Największy rozkwit gminy nastąpił w XVI wieku i do połowy XVII wieku. W 1602 roku mieszkało w Lublinie około 2000 Żydów; w 1547 roku założono hebrajską dru-karnię, ale wielką sławę zdobyła następna drukarnia, założona w 1578 roku przez Kalonimusa, syna Mordechaja Jaffe. WXVI wieku powstała słynna na całą Europę szkoła talmudyczna o randze akademii, założył ją rabin Salomon Szachna, rektorami byli: Salo-mon Luria (Maharszal), Mordechaj Jaffe, Meir ben Gedalia (Maharan Lublin) i inni. Najsłynniejszym uczniem był Mojżesz Isserles. W latach 1580-1764 obradował w Lublinie żydowski Sejm Czterech Ziem (Waad Arba Aracot). Strasznym ciosem dla gminy stała się rzeź Żydów, dokonana w 1655 roku przez Moskali wraz z Kozakami (prze-szło 3000 zabitych Żydów, miasto żydowskie spalone). Gmina odrodziła się w II.połowie XVIII wieku, w 1784 roku mieszkało tu 4321 Żydów. W XIX wieku stał się Lublin jednym z ważniejszych ośrodków chasydyzmu, głównie za sprawą słynnego cadyka Jaku-ba Jicchoka Horowitza. (zmarł w 1815 roku), ucznia zarówno Wielkiego Ma-gida jak i Elimelecha z Leżajska. Do tradycji dawnej akademii żydowskiej nawiązywała uczelnia (szkoła rabinacka) „Jeszywat Chachmej Lublin" w roku 1930 otrzymała ona nowy istniejący do dziś budynek. W dniu wybu-chu wojny na 115 000 mieszkańców Lublina było około 45 000 Żydów: Gmina miała 7 synagog, 2 mykwy, dom ludowy im. Pereca, szpital, szkoły „Jawne", „Talmud Tora" i „Bajs Jakow", bibliotekę „Tarbut", sierociniec i dom starców. Niemcy wkrótce po wejściu powołali Judenrat, na jego czele stanął Mark Alten, w marcu kwietniu 1941 roku utworzyli getto. W marcu 1942 roku wywieziono około 30 000 Żydów do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu, zaś 4000 do Majdanu Tatarskie-go; we wrześniu tegoż roku Niemcy wymordowali na miejscu około 2000 osób i w październku w drugiej maso-wej egzekucji 1800 osób. Ostatnich Żydów lubelskich przewieziono do obozu na Majdanku. LĘCZNA Synagoga, ul. Bóżnicza 19 Zbudowana w 1648 roku, barokowa, zdewastowana podczas wojny, odbudowana w latach 1953-64; wewnątrz zachowana bima na czterech narożnych słupach ze sklepieniem oraz aronhakodesz z dekoracyjną górną kondygnacją. W budynku dawnej synagogi mieści się obecnie muzeum lubelskiego zagłębia węglowego oraz biblioteka publiczna. Na jednej z zewnętrznych ścian synagogi tablica ku czci i pamięci. 1046 Żydów rozstrzelanych w latach 1940-42 na skarpie obok synagogi. Cmentarz, przy szosie Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 1,1 hektara, ogrodzony Zamiast tego przetłumacz z Szachna (zm.1558), nauczyciel Talmudu Jehuda Lejbel ben Meir Aszkenazy (zm.1597), rabin Cwi-Hirsz ben Zacharia Mendel, rabin Jicchok Ajzyk Segal (zm.1735). Cmentarz odwiedzają Żydzi z całego świata, składając kamyki i kwitłech oraz zapalając świece. Szczególnie licznie, zwłaszcza przez chasydów, odwiedzany jest grób jednego z najsławniejszych cadyków, rabiego Jakuba Jicchoka Horowitza (zmarł w 1815 roku), zwanego Jasno-widzem z Lublina. Nie zachowały się natomiast nagrobki innych sławnych osobistości tu pochowanych, jak: rabin Salomon Luria (zmarł 1573), rabin Meir ben Gedalia (zmarł 1616), cadyk Lejbel Eiger (zmarł 1887), naci które-go grobem stał do wojny ohel. Cmentarz, ul. Walecznych Założony w 1829, powierzchnia 8,6 hektara, ogrodzenie murowano metalowe, zachowanych około 50 na-grobków, w roku 1988 ustawiono ohel na miejscu, w którym pochowa-ny był rabin Szapiro; w latach pięćdziesiątych zwłoki rabina ekshumował jego brat i pochował je w Jerozolimie. Cmentarz, ul. Lenina Założony w 1918 roku, nie ogrodzony, całkowicie zdewastowany i zniszczony, obecnie — zieleń miejska (skwer). Cmentarz, na terenie zwanym Wieniawa Założony w 1828 roku, całkowicie zniszczony, obecnie — stadion sportowy. Szkoła rabinacka, ul. Lubartowska 83 Zbudowana w 1930 roku, obecnie —Akademia Medyczna. Szpital żydowski, ul. Lubartowska 83 Zbudowany w 1878 roku, na ścianie budynku odsłonięto w 1986 roku tablicę pamiątkową. Dom starców, ul. Grodzka Na ścianie dawnego żydowskiego domu starców i sierot wmurowana została tablica pamiątkowa. Dom ludowy, ul. Czwartek Na ścianie żydowskiego domu ludowego im. Pereca odsłonięto w 1987 roku tablicę pamiątkową: . Pomnik, pl. Ofiar Getta Odsłonięty w 1963 roku ku czci Żydów lubelskich wymordowanych podczas ostatniej wojny przez Niem-ców. Pomnik i mauzoleum, Majda-nek Na miejscu obozu koncentracyjnego; obóz założony został jesienią 1941 roku na obszarze 270 hektarów w miejscowości (obecnie przedmieście Lublina) Majdanek; obóz funkcjonował do lipca 1944 roku i w tym czasie poniosło tu śmierć 360 000 więźniów, w tym 120 000 Żydów, w wyniku głodu, chorób, tortur, trucia gazem i rozstrzeliwania (np. w dniu 3 listopada 1943 roku Niemcy rozstrzelali jednorazowo 18 400 Żydów). Tablica W miejscu, gdzie stała synagoga Ma-harszal-Szul umieszczono tablicę pamiątkową. Synagoga ta, zbudowana w 1567 roku, została nazwana Mahar szalszui na cześć jej pierwszego rektora Salomona Lurii, a dobudowana do niej na początku XVII mniejsza synagoga nazwana została Maharam-szul na cześć trzeciego rektora, rabina Meira ben Gedalia. Obie zabytkowe synagogi stały jeszcze pó wojnie, lecz w 1954 roku zostały rozebrane na po-lecenie ówczesnych władz miasta. W XIV wieku istniała w Lublinie zorganizowana gmina, ale Żydzi mieszkali tutaj już wcześniej (pierwsza wzmianka z 1316 roku), początkowo na przedmieściu Kazimierz Żydowski (Piaski Żydowskie), potem na stoku wzgórza zamkowego. Największy rozkwit gminy nastąpił w XVI wieku i do połowy XVII wieku. W 1602 roku mieszkało w Lublinie około 2000 Żydów; w 1547 roku założono hebrajską dru-karnię, ale wielką sławę zdobyła następna drukarnia, założona w 1578 roku przez Kalonimusa, syna Mordechaja Jaffe. WXVI wieku powstała słynna na całą Europę szkoła talmudyczna o randze akademii, założył ją rabin Salomon Szachna, rektorami byli: Salo-mon Luria (Maharszal), Mordechaj Jaffe, Meir ben Gedalia (Maharan Lublin) i inni. Najsłynniejszym uczniem był Mojżesz Isserles. W latach 1580-1764 obradował w Lublinie żydowski Sejm Czterech Ziem (Waad Arba Aracot). Strasznym ciosem dla gminy stała się rzeź Żydów, dokonana w 1655 roku przez Moskali wraz z Kozakami (prze-szło 3000 zabitych Żydów, miasto żydowskie spalone). Gmina odrodziła się w II.połowie XVIII wieku, w 1784 roku mieszkało tu 4321 Żydów. W XIX wieku stał się Lublin jednym z ważniejszych ośrodków chasydyzmu, głównie za sprawą słynnego cadyka Jaku-ba Jicchoka Horowitza. (zmarł w 1815 roku), ucznia zarówno Wielkiego Ma-gida jak i Elimelecha z Leżajska. Do tradycji dawnej akademii żydowskiej nawiązywała uczelnia (szkoła rabinacka) „Jeszywat Chachmej Lublin" w roku 1930 otrzymała ona nowy istniejący do dziś budynek. W dniu wybu-chu wojny na 115 000 mieszkańców Lublina było około 45 000 Żydów: Gmina miała 7 synagog, 2 mykwy, dom ludowy im. Pereca, szpital, szkoły „Jawne", „Talmud Tora" i „Bajs Jakow", bibliotekę „Tarbut", sierociniec i dom starców. Niemcy wkrótce po wejściu powołali Judenrat, na jego czele stanął Mark Alten, w marcu kwietniu 1941 roku utworzyli getto. W marcu 1942 roku wywieziono około 30 000 Żydów do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu, zaś 4000 do Majdanu Tatarskie-go; we wrześniu tegoż roku Niemcy wymordowali na miejscu około 2000 osób i w październku w drugiej maso-wej egzekucji 1800 osób. Ostatnich Żydów lubelskich przewieziono do obozu na Majdanku. LĘCZNA Synagoga, ul. Bóżnicza 19 Zbudowana w 1648 roku, barokowa, zdewastowana podczas wojny, odbudowana w latach 1953-64; wewnątrz zachowana bima na czterech narożnych słupach ze sklepieniem oraz aronhakodesz z dekoracyjną górną kondygnacją. W budynku dawnej synagogi mieści się obecnie muzeum lubelskiego zagłębia węglowego oraz biblioteka publiczna. Na jednej z zewnętrznych ścian synagogi tablica ku czci i pamięci. 1046 Żydów rozstrzelanych w latach 1940-42 na skarpie obok synagogi. Cmentarz, przy szosie Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 1,1 hektara, ogrodzony Szachna (zm.1558), a teacher of the Talmud Leib Yehuda Ben Meir Ashkenazi (zm.1597), Rabbi Tzvi-Hirsh ben Zacharia Mendel, Rabbi Segal Jicchok Ajzyk (zm.1735). The cemetery is visited by Jews from all over the world, making pebbles and kwitłech and lighting candles. Especially in large numbers, especially the Hasidim visited the grave of one of the most famous tzaddikim, Jicchoka Rabbi Jacob Horowitz (died in 1815), called Light spectator from Lublin. There have been preserved tombstones while other famous personalities buried here, as Rabbi Solomon Luria (died 1573), Rabbi Meir ben Gedaliah (died 1616), the tzaddik Leibel Eiger (died 1887), press that-it has become a war grave ohel. Cemetery Street. Valour Founded in 1829, the surface of 8.6 ha, brick and metal fence, surviving about 50 on-grobków in 1988 set ohel on the spot where the buried-ny was Rabbi Shapiro; in the fifties rabbi exhumed corpse of his brother, and buried them in Jerusalem. Cemetery Street. Lenin Founded in 1918, not fenced, completely devastated and destroyed, now - green city (square). Cemetery, the area known as the Wieniawa Founded in 1828, completely destroyed, now - a sports stadium. School rabbinic Street. Lubartowska 83 Built in 1930, now -Akademia Medical. Jewish Hospital, ul. Lubartowska 83 Built in 1878, on the wall of the building was unveiled in 1986 a commemorative plaque. Home for the elderly, ul. Grodzka On the wall of the old Jewish home for the aged and orphans were laid a commemorative plaque. House of the people, ul. Thursday On the wall of the Jewish people's house them. Peretz was unveiled in 1987 a plaque:. Monument, pl. Ghetto Victims Unveiled in 1963 in honor of Lublin Jews murdered during the last war by the Germans-dances. Memorial and mausoleum, Majda-nek On-site concentration camp; the camp was founded in 1941 on the 270 hectares in the village (now a suburb of Lublin) Majdanek; camp operated until July 1944 and during that time suffered death here 360 ​​000 prisoners, including 120 000 Jews, as a result of starvation, disease, torture, poisoning with gas and shooting (eg. on 3 November 1943, the Germans shot once 18 400 Jews) . Table In the place where the synagogue Ma-harszal-Shul commemorative plaque. The synagogue, built in 1567, was named Mahar szalszui in honor of its first rector Solomon Luria, and added to it in the early seventeenth smaller synagogue was called Maharam-shul in honor of the third rector of Rabbi Meir ben Gedaliah. The two historic synagogues were still standing after the war, but in 1954 were dismantled on the-this recommendation from the municipal authorities. In the fourteenth century there was in Lublin organized municipality, but Jews lived here already (the first mention of 1316 years), originally a suburb of Kazimierz Jewish (Jewish Sands), then on the slopes of the castle hill. The greatest flowering of the municipality occurred in the sixteenth century to the mid-seventeenth century. In 1602, Lublin was inhabited by about 2,000 Jews; in 1547 he founded the Hebrew dru-Karni, but great fame won the next printing house, founded in 1578 by Kalonimus, the son of Mordechai Jaffe. WXVI century the famous all over Europe Talmudic school of rank academy, it was founded by Rabbi Solomon Szachna, rectors were Salo-mon Luria (Maharshal), Mordechai Jaffe, Meir ben Gedaliah (Maharan Lublin) and others. The most famous student was Moses Isserles. In the years 1580-1764 was held in Lublin Jewish Council of Four Lands (Waad Arba Aracot). A terrible blow for the municipality became the slaughter of the Jews, carried out in 1655 by the Russians and Cossacks (re-went 3000 killed Jews, the Jewish town burnt). Municipality II.połowie revived in the eighteenth century, in 1784 4321 Jews lived here. In the nineteenth century, Lublin became one of the most important centers of Hasidism, mostly through the famous tzaddik Jak-ba Jicchoka Horowitz. (He died in 1815), a student of both the Great Ma-Gida and Elimelech of Lezajsk. The tradition of the ancient academy of Jewish alluded school (school rabbinic) "Jeszywat Chachmei Lublin" in 1930 she received the new existing today building. On wybu-chu war of 115 000 residents of Lublin were about 45 000 Jews Municipality had seven synagogues, 2 mikvah, the house of the people to them. Perec, hospital, school, "Explicit", "Talmud Torah" and "Bajs Yakov" library "Tarbut", an orphanage and a home for the elderly. Germany shortly after entering appointed Judenrat, headed by Mark Alten, in March April 1941 established a ghetto. In March 1942, deported about 30 000 Jews to the death camp in Belzec, and 4000 to Maidan Tatar-go, in September of that year, the Germans murdered on the spot about 2,000 people and październku in the second french-entry executions in 1800 people. The last Lublin Jews were taken to Majdanek.
  • Gorzkow

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 0.5 hectares, devastated,
  • Grabowiec

    Founded cemetery is not known, the total devastation, no graves or traces; allegedly they stole numerous tombstones from the cemetery the local peasants, using them to build farm buildings (in the walls they are today!).
  • Horodlo

    Founded cemetery is not known, there is no fence, devastated, not on-grobków; apparently the Germans during the occupation hardens tombstones way of Horodło to Stryżowa and perhaps these tombstones today there are.
  • Hrubieszow

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, no other data. Cemetery Founded not known when., The top 2.5 hectares, about 30 tombstones preserved; During the occupation Germans were in the cemetery of mass executions of Jews. Monument, the Jewish cemetery Placed on the mass graves of about 500 Jews from Hrubieszów were shot in the cemetery in June 1942 during the liquidation of the ghetto. 6 The first mention of Jews living in Hrubieszów from 1444 years. It is known that the city fire in 1736 destroyed 37 houses a synagogue and Jewish. Jews were craft and trade in agricultural products. In 1765, 709 Jews lived, in 1897 - 5352 and just before the outbreak of wojny- about 7,500 Jews. Germany did not form a closed ghetto, Jews were appointed only certain streets. In the summer of 1941 for-associated resistance organization, whose leaders were: Salomon Brand and Arieh Perec (Leon Porecki). In May and June 1942, the Germans concentrated in Hrubieszów ghetto Jews from all over the county, links-not about 10 000 people. Soon-The dhw saw mass deportations to the extermination camp in Sobibor, 500 people were shot at the Jewish cemetery. Part of the last 2,000 Jews were deported in October 1942 to a labor camp in Budzyn, a part - to the death camp in Sobibor.
  • Izbica

    Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.9 hectare, fenced grid, severely devastated's hid a 5 tombstones. During the occupation, especially in 1942 Germans they were in the cemetery of numerous mass executions, the most in November 1942, including shot here about 4,500 Jews buried in mass graves. In 1856, they lived in Izbica 1,594 Jews. He was a strong center of Hasidism. Famous Tzadik Mordechai Yosef Leiner had here his court, and his son, Yakov tzaddik Leiner also wrote and he published work "Stain Yakow". In 1921, 2,862 Jews lived (92.7% of the population town) and just before the outbreak of war -About 4000 . During the occupation, the Germans established a sort of transit camp before deportation to extermination camps (Belzec and Sobibor), and to Izbica guided transport), Jews from Lodz, Wheels and Czestochowa, as well as from Bohemia, Moravia, Vienna and Germany. Successively directed tran-sport to the death camps and the local Jewish cemetery Germans performed summary executions (a total of about 4,500). In March 1943, the last Jews were deported to extermination camps.
  • JOZEFOW

    The synagogue was built in the late eighteenth century, now in the rebuilding and reconstruction of the purpose of the library. Cemetery Founded in 1768, the surface of 1 hectare, partially fenced, for-kept about 500 tombstones, the oldest dating from 1862. Mindful k, in the woods not far from miejcowości In June 1943, the Germans in three consecutive executions were shot about 1,000 Jews at a crime scene set up after the war monument.
  • Komarow Osada

    Cemetery. Founded not known, after-surface of 0.8 hectares, the remnants of a fence from the grid, devastated, no tombstones.
  • Krasnobrod

    Founded cemetery is not known, the 0.8-hectare surface, devastated almost completely preserved only one tombstone.
  • Krylov

    Founded cemetery is not known, the vast devastation, the remains of a brick fence and damaged fragments of tombstones.
  • Wysokie

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 0.1 hectares, not be fenced-ny, devastated, no tombstones.
  • ZAMOSC

    The synagogue, built in the years 1610-1620 in the Polish style of the late Renaissance, was the pride of the municipality of Zamosc; devastated during the war, carefully restored in the years 1950 to 1960, it kept a beautiful Renaissance portal, Aron-Kodesh stone, stucco and stucco decoration of the interior. Synagogue in New Settlement Year of construction is not known, now -przedszkole Cemetery Founded unknown, devastated the rest of the war devastation of broken fragments to-grobków was built in 1950 lapidary. Next to the synagogue Kahal house, you can get him to the vestibule of the synagogue. Mikvah, built after 1877, restored in the years 1875-1876, currently the responsibility of the plant housing. The Jewish community in Zamosc was founded in 1588, when Jan Zamojski brought to the city he founded Sephardic Jews from Italy, Spain and Turkey, giving them privileges. In the seventeenth century, there has been numerous Jewish settlements. In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century heavily's meant on the Jewish Haskalah, its leaders were here Josef Cederbaum and Yakov Eichenbaum, in Zamosc lived and wrote poet Solomon Ettinger. In 1856, 2,490 Jews lived here, in 1921, 9383 (60% of the population of the city). Before the war have appeared magazine "Zamoscer Sztyme". Just before the outbreak of war residential Lo here about 12 000 Jews. In October 1939, the Germans created a Judenrat, and in the spring of 1941 - that established a ghetto. Zamosc directed numerous transports of Jews displaced from other cities (in May 1942, for example. Dortmund). In April and May 1942, there were mass deportations of Jews to the death camp in Belzec.
  • Zwierzyniec

    The cemetery was founded in the twentieth century, the area of ​​0.1 hectares, not fenced, devastated, surviving several on-grobków.
  • Zolkiewka

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface 0.25 hectares, not fenced, heavily devastated, no tombstones.
  • LECZNA

    Synagogue Street. Bożnicza 19 Built in 1648, baroque, devastated during the war, rebuilt in the years 1953-1964; preserved inside the bimah at the four corner pillars with vaulted ceilings and aronhakodesz with a decorative top tier. The building of the former synagogue now houses the museum of the Lublin Coal Basin and the public library. On one of the outer walls of the synagogue plaque in honor and memory. 1,046 Jews were executed in 1940-42 on the slope next to the synagogue. The cemetery, the road Established in not known, the top 1.1-hectare, fenced grid, devastated, preserved only two gravestones. The first mention of Jews living in Łęczna from 1501 years. In 1827 1,506 Jews lived here (60% of the population), engaged in trade livestock, leases and inn-keeping. In 1897 it was 2,446 Jews in 1921, 2019 in 1939 - about 2300. In October and November 1942, there were two large deportations to the extermination camp in Sobibor, 200 Jews headed Germany into a labor camp.
  • Markuszow

    Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.54 hectares, the remains of the wall fence, devastated, saved about 30 graves, the oldest from 1849.
  • Michow

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 1.5 hectares, not fenced, completely devastated, no tombstones .
  • NALECZWOW

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known.
  • Opole Lubelskie

    Cemetery Founded not known, post-top 2 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones; some tombstones from the cemetery probably took the peasants to the construction of buildings for livestock.
  • Ostrow Lubelski

    Founded cemetery is not known, the top 1.85 hectare, completely devastated and destroyed, no trace - urban development.
  • Parchatka

    Founded cemetery is not known, devastated, no trace.
  • Piaski

    Founded cemetery is not known, the 0.38-hectare surface, completely devastated and destroyed, now-marketplace. Cemetery Established in not known, the 1.28-hectare surface, remains a hedge fence, devastated, surviving a few tombstones.
  • Poniatow

    Monument, on the site of the former POW camp In the end of 1942, the Germans began taking Jews here from Opole Lubelski then in April and May 1943 in Warsaw; on the night of 7 to 8 November 1943 years have made mass murder by executing about 15 000 Jews.
  • PULAWY

    The cemetery, founded in 1895, area of ​​0.99 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones. Cemetery Established in not known, not fenced, completely devastated. Headstone In the local museum is stored tombstone from 1849, rescued from the devastated cemetery in Końskowola. Monument on-site synagogue destroyed by the Nazis set up a granite boulder at the initiative of Mrs. Janina Haubenstock to commemorate the 3600 'Jewish residents of the prewar Pulawy, who died in extermination camps. The unveiling took place on 27 August 1987 year. Jews began to settle in Pulawy in the early nineteenth century, from the middle of the century dominated among them Chasidic influences. In the years 1875-1884 he taught here rabbi Elijach Lerman, and in 1888 he founded his court known tzaddik Chaim Jisroel Morningstar. In 1897 in Pulawy lived 3883 Jews (73% of the population of the town). Most craftsmen were engaged in shoemaking. In 1907 was established Jewish bank, will soon also have established political parties "Bund", "Agudat Israel" and "Poale Zion." In 1910 lived 6111 Jews. After 1920 years created a Jewish trade union, an association of merchants, opened a private school in Hebrew. Just before the war there were about 3,600 Jews. In October 1939, the Germans established a ghetto in December all Jews were deported to Opole Lublin there and - later - to the death camp in Sobibor.
  • RYKI

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, now home store. The cemetery, on Lake Founded not known, area of ​​0.5 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones (6 gravestones, however, reportedly taken from this cemetery is located in Ryki).
  • Wawolnica

    Cemetery, Founded year is not known, area of ​​0.5 hectares, not fenced, devastated, preserved 9 tombstones (including 8 damaged).
  • Annopol

    Cemetery Founded unknown, devastated, preserved 12 tombstones. Cemetery Established in not known, area of ​​0.42 hectares, vandalized and destroyed, now the cemetery is a health center.
  • Baranow Sandomierski

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 2.7 hectares, completely devastated and destroyed, no trace of graves. Monument, the Jewish cemetery was built on the mass grave about a thousand people were shot by the Germans in 1942 during the liquidation of the ghetto. The corpses of murdered Jews were burned. After the war, evil-wife's ashes in a common grave in the Jewish cemetery. Plaque at the Jewish cemetery plate with a commemorative plaque, located on the grave of 60 Jews shot at the Jewish cemetery in two executions in 1941 and 1942 years.
  • BOGORIA

    The cemetery was founded in the eighteenth century, the area of ​​0.4 hectares, vandalized and destroyed. Local authorities have given the former cemetery into the building. Currently, the buildings here are firefighters and pharmacy.
  • Iwaniska

    The cemetery was founded in the nineteenth century, the area of ​​1 hectare, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones.
  • JANÓW LUBELSKI

    Cemetery Founded unknown, devastated and destroyed; Local authorities have given the former cemetery for the construction of houses. The cemetery, founded in the nineteenth century, the area of ​​1.5 hectares, not fenced, devastated, preserved 3 gravestones; in 1987, they found at ul. 22 July it-den headstone (tombstone) and placed in a Catholic cemetery. In the sixteenth century she lived in Janow Lubelski known scholar Yakov ben Isaac Ashkenazi. In 1765 it lived 390 Jewish families in 1860, 1520 Jews, and in 1921 years - 2881st In March 1941, the Germans brought to Janow transport of Jews from Vienna. In August 1942 they headed a group of Jews from Janow to a labor camp in Łysakowie, and the majority - were deported to the death camp in Belzec.
  • JAROCIN

    Monument, in the woods behind the Catholic cemetery on the mass grave of 90 Jews murdered by the Nazis in 1942-43 were positioned on war memorial - an album with a plaque commemorating. Plaque, in the woods on the mass grave of 11 Jews by-murdered by the Germans plate with a plaque.
  • Klimontow

    The synagogue's market square, built in 1851, after the war, long used as a warehouse, and gradually devastated, currently under renovation and maintenance for the purpose of cultural center. Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 1.5 ha, completely devastated and destroyed, now - school playground. In Klimontów he was born Moryc Terkeltejb, settled in the US writer and journalist, a friend B.Singera.
  • Koprzywnica

    Founded cemetery is not known, after-surface of 1.5 hectares, not fenced, seriously devastated, still visible traces of the graves.
  • Krzeszow

    Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.5 hectares, not fenced, about 50 tombstones preserved, the oldest dating back to 1852. Monument, in the woods Chojnik plates with inscriptions in Hebrew to Polish mass graves of Jews murdered there by the Germans-dances. In November 1942, the Germans brought here a large number of Jews, some of whom were shot on the spot, part - deported further to the Belzec death camp, and some of them (young people) were forced to work. In November 1942, also they were shot and buried last 600 remaining for this sweating alive.
  • Modliborzyce

    Modliborzyce The synagogue was built in 1782, renovated in 1957-65, now a municipal cultural center. Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.39 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones.
  • Nisko

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, in 1960 rebuilt for commercial purposes, now brasserie. Founded cemetery is not known, 1 hectare area, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones.
  • OPATÓW

    The synagogue, on the Market Year of construction unknown, rebuilt (blurred the architectural features of the synagogue) on cinema which operates today. Cemetery, next to the market square, founded in the seventeenth century, partially destroyed (the area occupied sweats development), retained about 30 fragments of broken tombstones, the oldest of the early eighteenth century. In 1989, on a small, separate from the former cemetery area, built lapidary from discovered fragments, merging them in concrete. The Jewish settlement in Opatów already existed in the sixteenth century, the city was a post-split into two parts, one of which was set aside for the Jews. Hence he came late in 1623 the famous printer Lublin Jaffe Kalonymus. In 1856, 2,517 lived in Opatow Jews. In the nineteenth century was marked by the strong influence of Hasidism, a famous tzaddik was Abraham Joshua Heszel (neck Heszl, 1765-1825, a student of Elimelech from Leżajsk). In Opatowie he was born and raised Jacob Reifman (1818-1895), author of famous works of religious, hence came the mathematician Yehuda and Rabbi Akiba Lichtenfeld, bow tie, a famous cantor piotrkowski. In 1897, there were 4138 Jews here, and before the war - about 5200. In the spring of 1941, the Germans established a ghetto, at the head of the Judenrat was Mordechai Weisslub. Many of the victims after-engulfed epidemic typhus. Repeated deportations to labor camps. In October. 1942 years ghetto was liquidated and the deportation of Jews to the Treblinka extermination camp, and 600 people - to a labor camp in Sandomierz.
  • OSIEK

    The cemetery was founded in the nineteenth century, the area of ​​1.8 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones; now partially arable field, partly area with wild bushes.
  • OZAROW

    Synagogue, near the market was built in the late eighteenth century, now - a cinema. Reconstruction of cinema has blurred the stylish features of the building. Cemetery, southeast of the town was founded in the seventeenth century, the area of ​​0.95 hectares, not fenced, preserved over 100 tombstones, many of which are beautifully decorated, but 'this many pieces of broken tombstones (some for-buried in the ground).
  • POLANIEC

    The synagogue, northeast of the market was built in the eighteenth century-AD retains the old arcades, now - magazine; the synagogue cheder. Cemetery, Partisan Founded in the eighteenth century, the area of ​​0.55 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones. Cheder, northeast of the market, the synagogue built in the eighteenth century.
  • Pysznica

    Table is located on three 259 mass graves of Jews murdered by the Germans at this point in 1942-44 and buried here
  • RADOMYSL

    Founded cemetery is not known, post-top 2 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones.
  • RUDNIK

    Cemetery Established in not known, completely devastated and destroyed by the former local authorities dedicated for housing. Cemetery Established in not known, post-top 1 hectare, devastated, no tombstones. At the cemetery, with the permission of the authorities running the former sand mining.
  • SANDOMIERZ

    The synagogue, built in 1688 (on the site of an old burned the synagogue), devastated during the war, in the seventies undergone reconstruction and maintenance, now - the State Archives. Interior layout close to the original, partly preserved wall paintings (frescoes) of Kali-graphy and signs of the Zodiac. Cemetery, it was called. old cemetery near the synagogue, now completely destroyed; tombstones rescued from the cemetery were taken and built of them memorial lapidary on the "new" cemetery at ul.Suchej. Cemetery, is the "new" cemetery (founded is not known, probably> CD (age), the area of ​​0.12 hectares. Despite some devastation survived dozens of tombstones, with on-grobków (gravestones) taken away from the "old" cemetery was built lapidary . House Kahal, the synagogue built in the mid-nineteenth century, restored. Monument Jewish cemetery monument on a mass grave of about 1,000 Jews from Sandomierz ghetto, executed by the Germans in keel-Ku- executions, bodies of the victims were burned by the German military police; after the war, the remains were exhumed and buried in the Jewish cemetery. Jews lived in Sandomierz in the thirteenth century, and in 1550 years there were 40 Jews (heads of families). In 1698 .Aarona Berka accused of the alleged murder of a Christian child. As a result, the process of judicial-go until 1862, a ban on Jewish settlement, but did not follow it rigorously, since eg. In 1827 lived in Sandomierz 799 Jews (23% of the population of the town). In 1897 it was Wyświetla tłumaczenie dla 2164 Żydów (34%), w 1921 roku — 2641. Do getta w Sandomierzu Niem-cy kierowali transporty Żydów z innych miast i z okolicy. W październiku 1942 roku nastąpiła deportacja około 3200 Żydów do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu, pozostało jednak w getcie nadal około 6000 osób. W styczniu 1943 roku nastąpiła likwidacja getta i maso-we transporty Żydów do obozu zagłady w Treblince. W Sandomierzu pozo-stało 700 osób, z których 300 skierowano do obozu pracy w Skarżysku-Kamiennej. STALOWA WOLA Synagoga, Rozwadów Rok budowy nie znany, obecnie piekarnia. Cmentarz, Rozwadów, przy torach kolejowych Rok założenia nie znany, brak bliż-szych danych. STASZÓW Cmentarz Rok założenia nie znany, zdewastowany i zniszczony, obecnie na terenie dawnego cmentarza znajduje się zbudowane po wojnie przedszkole. Cmentarz, Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 1,4 hektara, zachowały się fragmenty ogrodzenia (muru kamiennego), zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków. W roku 1526 Zygmunt I wezwał Żydów w swym przywileju do osadnictwa w Staszowie. W 1718 roku właścicielka miasta, Elżbieta Szaniawska, zezwoliła Żydom na założenie cmentarza i wybudowanie synagogi. W 1765 roku w mieście było 609 Żydów płacących podatki. Zajmowali się oni rzemiosłem, głównie krawiectwem, czapnictwem i złotnictwem. W roku 1819 cmentarz przeniesiono za miasto, na nowy teren. W 1827 roku mieszkało tu 2026 Żydów (52% ludności miasteczka). Hrabia Potocki ufundował w roku 1846 kolonię rolniczą dla Żydów „Palestynka", która jednak po kilku latach upadła. Ze Staszowa pochodził znany malarz Dawid Jeheskiel Kirszenbaum. W...roku 1897 mieszkało 4885 Żydów (62%), a w 1921 roku — 4704 (56%). Gmina prócz synagogi miała trzy bet-midrasze, dwa cmentarze, dwie jeszywy, dwa szpitale i mykwę. W Staszowie urodził się Józef Rozenblat. Tuż przed wybuchem wojny mieszkało tu około 5000 Żydów (50% ludności). W czerwcu 1942 roku Niemcy utworzyli getto, które zlikwidowali w listopadzie, dokonując masowej deportacji do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu. TARLOW Synagoga, opodal rynku Zbudowana w XVIII wieku, zdewastowana w czasie działań wojennych w 1914 roku i od tego czasu w ruinie. Cmentarz, na północny zachód od rynku Założony w XVI wieku, powierzchnia 0,75 hektara, nie ogrodzony, zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków, zarośnięty gąszczem drzew i krzewów. TARNOBRZEG Synagoga Rok budowy nie znany, po wojnie przez długi czas magazyn zbożowy, w latach siedemdziesiątych wyremontowana i przebudowana na bibliotekę, obecnie — Biblioteka Wojewódzka. Cmentarz, Założony w XVIII wieku, nie ogrodzony, całkowicie zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków, obecnie — plac targowy. Cmentarz,Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 0,8 hektara, przed kilku lary ogrodzony i uporządkowany; za-chowały się 4 nagrobki i ohel. Około 1765 roku w Tarnobrzegu mieszkało 569 Żydów płacących podatki (głów rodzin). W 1880 roku — 2768 Żydów (80% ludności miasteczka), a w 1921 roku — 2146 (67,7%). Baron de Hirsz założył w Tarnobrzegu hebrajską szkołę. Tuż przed wybuchem wojny mieszkało tu około 3800 Żydów. W dniu zajęcia miasta Niemcy (Wehrmacht) dokonali na rynku egzekucji wielu Żydów. ULANOW Cmentarz Założony w 1700 roku, powierzchnia 1 hektar, ogrodzony parkanem, zachowało się około 500 nagrobków, najstarszy z 1881 roku. ZAKLIKÓW Synagoga Rok budowy nie znany, obecnie kino. Cmentarz, ul. św.Anny Rok założenia nie znany, powierzchnia 0,7 hektara,zachowały się ślady dawnego ogrodzenia i nieliczne nagrobki. ZAWICHOST Cmentarz Rok założenia nie znany, nie ogrodzony, zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków. W roku 1989 na cmentarzu odsłonięto pomnik (symboliczna rzeźba na dwumetrowym cokole) ku czci żydów, mieszkańców Zawichosta, którzy zginęli w czasie wojny. W Zawichoście urodził się w 1866 r. wybitny historyk oraz dyplomata Szymon Askenazy (zm. 1935 w Warszawie). Stąd pochodziła również Regina Lilientalowa, pisarka i tłumaczka, autorka prac z zakresu folkloru żydowskiego i ludowej sztuki żydowskiej. WOJEWÓDZTWO ZAMOJSKIE BEŁŻEC Pomnik, na terenie byłego obozu zagłady Obóz zaczęli Niemcy organizować je-sienią 1941 roku, uruchomili — w marcu 1942 roku, kierując tu Żydów z dystryktów: lubelskiego, krakowskiego i lwowskiego oraz z zagranicy. Ofiary zatruwano gazem i zakopywano w do-łach, później palono na stosach. W listopadzie 1942 roku Niemcy zaczęli likwidować obóz, a na wiosnę. 1943 roku zburzyli urządzenia i usiłowali Zamiast tego przetłumacz z 2164 Żydów (34%), a w 1921 roku — 2641. Do getta w Sandomierzu Niem-cy kierowali transporty Żydów z innych miast i z okolicy. W październiku 1942 roku nastąpiła deportacja około 3200 Żydów do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu, pozostało jednak w getcie nadal około 6000 osób. W styczniu 1943 roku nastąpiła likwidacja getta i maso-we transporty Żydów do obozu zagłady w Treblince. W Sandomierzu pozo-stało 700 osób, z których 300 skierowano do obozu pracy w Skarżysku-Kamiennej. STALOWA WOLA Synagoga, Rozwadów Rok budowy nie znany, obecnie piekarnia. Cmentarz, Rozwadów, przy torach kolejowych Rok założenia nie znany, brak bliż-szych danych. STASZÓW Cmentarz Rok założenia nie znany, zdewastowany i zniszczony, obecnie na terenie dawnego cmentarza znajduje się zbudowane po wojnie przedszkole. Cmentarz, Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 1,4 hektara, zachowały się fragmenty ogrodzenia (muru kamiennego), zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków. W roku 1526 Zygmunt I wezwał Żydów w swym przywileju do osadnictwa w Staszowie. W 1718 roku właścicielka miasta, Elżbieta Szaniawska, zezwoliła Żydom na założenie cmentarza i wybudowanie synagogi. W 1765 roku w mieście było 609 Żydów płacących podatki. Zajmowali się oni rzemiosłem, głównie krawiectwem, czapnictwem i złotnictwem. W roku 1819 cmentarz przeniesiono za miasto, na nowy teren. W 1827 roku mieszkało tu 2026 Żydów (52% ludności miasteczka). Hrabia Potocki ufundował w roku 1846 kolonię rolniczą dla Żydów „Palestynka", która jednak po kilku latach upadła. Ze Staszowa pochodził znany malarz Dawid Jeheskiel Kirszenbaum. W...roku 1897 mieszkało 4885 Żydów (62%), a w 1921 roku — 4704 (56%). Gmina prócz synagogi miała trzy bet-midrasze, dwa cmentarze, dwie jeszywy, dwa szpitale i mykwę. W Staszowie urodził się Józef Rozenblat. Tuż przed wybuchem wojny mieszkało tu około 5000 Żydów (50% ludności). W czerwcu 1942 roku Niemcy utworzyli getto, które zlikwidowali w listopadzie, dokonując masowej deportacji do obozu zagłady w Bełżcu. TARLOW Synagoga, opodal rynku Zbudowana w XVIII wieku, zdewastowana w czasie działań wojennych w 1914 roku i od tego czasu w ruinie. Cmentarz, na północny zachód od rynku Założony w XVI wieku, powierzchnia 0,75 hektara, nie ogrodzony, zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków, zarośnięty gąszczem drzew i krzewów. TARNOBRZEG Synagoga Rok budowy nie znany, po wojnie przez długi czas magazyn zbożowy, w latach siedemdziesiątych wyremontowana i przebudowana na bibliotekę, obecnie — Biblioteka Wojewódzka. Cmentarz, Założony w XVIII wieku, nie ogrodzony, całkowicie zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków, obecnie — plac targowy. Cmentarz,Rok założenia nie znany, po-wierzchnia 0,8 hektara, przed kilku lary ogrodzony i uporządkowany; za-chowały się 4 nagrobki i ohel. Około 1765 roku w Tarnobrzegu mieszkało 569 Żydów płacących podatki (głów rodzin). W 1880 roku — 2768 Żydów (80% ludności miasteczka), a w 1921 roku — 2146 (67,7%). Baron de Hirsz założył w Tarnobrzegu hebrajską szkołę. Tuż przed wybuchem wojny mieszkało tu około 3800 Żydów. W dniu zajęcia miasta Niemcy (Wehrmacht) dokonali na rynku egzekucji wielu Żydów. ULANOW Cmentarz Założony w 1700 roku, powierzchnia 1 hektar, ogrodzony parkanem, zachowało się około 500 nagrobków, najstarszy z 1881 roku. ZAKLIKÓW Synagoga Rok budowy nie znany, obecnie kino. Cmentarz, ul. św.Anny Rok założenia nie znany, powierzchnia 0,7 hektara,zachowały się ślady dawnego ogrodzenia i nieliczne nagrobki. ZAWICHOST Cmentarz Rok założenia nie znany, nie ogrodzony, zdewastowany, nie ma nagrobków. W roku 1989 na cmentarzu odsłonięto pomnik (symboliczna rzeźba na dwumetrowym cokole) ku czci żydów, mieszkańców Zawichosta, którzy zginęli w czasie wojny. W Zawichoście urodził się w 1866 r. wybitny historyk oraz dyplomata Szymon Askenazy (zm. 1935 w Warszawie). Stąd pochodziła również Regina Lilientalowa, pisarka i tłumaczka, autorka prac z zakresu folkloru żydowskiego i ludowej sztuki żydowskiej. WOJEWÓDZTWO ZAMOJSKIE BEŁŻEC Pomnik, na terenie byłego obozu zagłady Obóz zaczęli Niemcy organizować je-sienią 1941 roku, uruchomili — w marcu 1942 roku, kierując tu Żydów z dystryktów: lubelskiego, krakowskiego i lwowskiego oraz z zagranicy. Ofiary zatruwano gazem i zakopywano w do-łach, później palono na stosach. W listopadzie 1942 roku Niemcy zaczęli likwidować obóz, a na wiosnę. 1943 roku zburzyli urządzenia i usiłowali 2164 Jews (34%), in 1921 - the 2641st to the ghetto in Sandomierz Germ-month guided transports of Jews from other towns and the surrounding area. In October 1942, the deportation took place about 3,200 Jews to the death camp in Belzec, but remained in the ghetto still about 6,000 people. In January 1943 the ghetto was liquidated and french-in transports of Jews to the Treblinka extermination camp. In Sandomierz Pozo-was 700 people, of whom 300 were sent to a labor camp in Skarzysko-Kamienna.
  • Stalowa Wola

    The synagogue, Rozwadów Year of construction is not known, now a bakery. Cemetery, Rozwadów, at the railroad tracks Founded unknown, no data are closer-senior.
  • Staszow

    Founded cemetery is not known, vandalized and destroyed, now a former cemetery is built after the war kindergarten. Cemetery Established in not known, after-surface of 1.4 hectares, preserved fragments of the fence (wall stone), devastated, no tombstones. In 1526, Sigismund I called on Jews in his privilege to settlement in Staszów. In 1718 the owner of the city, Elizabeth Szaniawska, allowed Jews to establish a cemetery and build a synagogue. In 1765 the city had 609 Jews who pay taxes. They were involved in crafts, mainly tailoring, czapnictwem and goldsmith. In 1819, the cemetery was moved out of the city, new territory. In 1827 2,026 Jews lived here (52% of the population of the town). Count Potocki was founded in 1846 an agricultural colony for Jews "Palestinian", which however collapsed after a few years. With Staszowa came from well-known painter David Jeheskiel Kirszenbaum. In ... 1897, 4885 Jews lived (62%), and in 1921 year - 4704 ( 56%). The municipality except the synagogue had three bet-midrashes, two cemeteries, two yeshiva, two hospitals and a mikvah. In Staszow was born Joseph Rozenblat. Just before the war, lived about 5,000 Jews (50% of the population). In June 1942 Germans established a ghetto which closed down in November, making mass deportation to the death camp in Belzec.
  • Tarlow

    The synagogue, not far from the market built in the eighteenth century, devastated during the war in 1914 and since then in ruins. Cemetery, northwest of the market Founded in the sixteenth century, the area of ​​0.75 hectares, not fenced, devastated, no gravestones, overgrown thicket of trees and shrubs.
  • TARNOBRZEG

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, after the war for a long time grain warehouse, in the seventies renovated and converted into a library, now - Provincial Library. The cemetery, founded in the eighteenth century, not fenced, completely devastated, no tombstones, now - marketplace. Cemetery Established in not known, after-surface of 0.8 hectares, a few lary fenced and orderly; for-hid 4 tombstones and ohel. Around 1765 years in Tarnobrzeg lived 569 Jews who pay taxes (heads of families). In 1880 - 2768 Jews (80% of the population of the town), and in 1921 years - 2146 (67.7%). Baron de Hirsch founded in Tarnobrzeg Hebrew school. Just before the war, lived about 3,800 Jews. On capture the city Germany (Wehrmacht) made the market the execution of many Jews.
  • Ulanow

    Cemetery Founded in 1700, the surface of 1 hectare, enclosed fence, preserved about 500 tombstones, the oldest from 1881.
  • Zaklików

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, now a cinema. Cemetery Street. Founded św.Anny not known, area of ​​0.7 hectares, traces of the old fence and a few gravestones.
  • Zawichost

    Founded cemetery is not known, not fenced, devastated, no tombstones. In 1989 the cemetery a monument (a symbolic two-meter sculpture on a pedestal) in honor of the Jews, Zawichost residents who died during the war. In Zawichost he was born in 1866. Eminent historian and diplomat Simon Ashkenazy (d. 1935 Warsaw). Hence came the Regina Lilientalowa, writer and translator, author of works on Jewish folklore and folk Jewish art.
  • BELZEC

    Monument at the former concentration camp Camp Germany began to organize autum 1941 launched - in March 1942, directing Jews here from districts of Lublin, the Krakow and Lviv and abroad. The victims of the poisoning of gas and buried in a do-rag, then burned at the stake. In November 1942, the Germans began to liquidate the camp, and in the spring. 1943 years destroyed the device and tried to erase the traces of the crime (an area of ​​about 7 hectares, because so much occupied camp). In Belzec Nazis murdered about 600 000 Jews and about 1,500 Poles (for helping Jews).
  • BILGORAJ

    The cemetery, founded in 1725, vandalized and destroyed, now - an urban area. The cemetery was founded in the nineteenth century, the area of ​​0.12 hectares, surrounded by a wall and railings, ordered in 1986, about 50 tombstones preserved. The Jewish community in Biłograju formed in the second half of the seventeenth century. In 1841 Jews lived here in 1637, and in 1921 years - the 3713th In Biłogoraju the Singer brothers were born. In 1909 he founded a Hebrew printing press. Just before the outbreak of the war there were about 5,000 Jews. During the war in September consequential damages (almost all the houses were burned). In June 1940, the Germans established a ghetto. In listo-pad 1942 years the deportation took place almost all the Jews to the death camp in Belzec. January 15, 1943 shot on the spot of the year past 27 Jews.
  • FRAMPOL

    Cemetery Established in not known, the top 0.61-hectare, fenced grid, saved about 40 tombstones, the oldest of 1857; In 1942 the Germans in the cemetery about a mass execution of 1,000 Jews from Polish, Austria and the Czech and Slovakia, in a fenced place lose plaque commemorating the victims of this crime.
  • GORAJ

    The cemetery, located 1 km from the village Founded not known, after-surface 0.51 hectares, destroyed, preserved only fragments of broken tombstones.
  • Lubycza Krolewska

    Founded year cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.4 hectares devastated, no tombstones.
  • Laszczow

    Synagogue Year of construction is not known, ruin preserved in its original form with an attic and external décor; They are being made. efforts to repair the monument for the purpose of a communal library. Founded cemetery is not known, almost total devastation, there is no on-grobków. Home rabbis, next to the synagogue Year of construction is not known, now a cinema.
  • Rachanie

    Plaque on the outer wall of the school during the occupation of the building this place was the German police, which imprisoned, tortured and murdered many Jews.
  • SZCZEBRZESZYN

    The synagogue was built in the seventeenth century, it burned in 1940, rebuilt in the years 1957-1963, now a cultural center. Founded cemetery is not known, post-top 2 hectares, the remains of the fence, about 300 tombstones preserved; the local farmers usurps the tombstones from the cemetery to the hardening of land and construction of buildings farm. The organized Jewish community already existed in the sixteenth century. In 1827, there were 1,083 Jews (31% of the population), in 1897 - 2449 (44%). A strong center of Hassidism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, driven largely famous tzadik Elimelech Hurwitz. In 1921, 2,644 Jews lived here, and just before the outbreak of war around 3200. In May 1942, the Germans made the execution of 100 Jews, and in August the entire Jewish population deported to the Belzec death camp.
  • Tarnogrod

    The synagogue was built in 1686, rebuilt in the nineteenth century, now used as a warehouse. The cemetery was founded in the eighteenth century, after-surface of 1.8 ha, fenced grid, preserved about 1,000 on-grobków, including a lot of historical value. Kosher butcher's shop, near the market Year of construction is not known, for the shambles retained one of the signs painted before the war, the Jewish butcher. Monument During the occupation, the Germans made in Tarnogrod many public and after-secret execution of Jews, which resulted in the victim fell about 1,800 Jews. On one of the mass graves in a statue, other graves (by the pond behind the Catholic cemetery) are ordered. In 1686 tarnogrodzka Jewish community built a synagogue. Famous rabbis locals are: Azriel ha-Levi Ashkenazi, Natan Ben Yakov Lublin, Joshua Moshe Orenstein. In 1827 Tarnogród lived 1260 Jews (32% of the population), in 1921 .7. 2238 (47%). Just before the war lived there about 2,500 Jews. In November 1942, the Germans staged a mass deportations to the Treblinka death camp.
  • TOMASZOW LUBELSKI

    Founded cemetery is not known, the surface 2 hectares, fenced SIAT-Ka, devastated, survived only a few tombstones. The Jewish community organized itself in 1630. Famous Rabbis Isaac Shapiro, Judah ben Meir Nisan. In 1827, there were 1,156 Jews (43% of the population of the town), in 1897 - 3646 (59%), and in 1921 year - 4643 (65% of the population). The active was a Jewish library and two sports clubs. Shortly before the war lived in Tomaszow about 6,000 Jews. Germany shortly after entering the town destroyed the synagogue. In February 1942 you-they were carrying the entire Jewish population there to Cieszanów and killed her on the spot.
  • Turobin

    The synagogue was built in the nineteenth century, it burnt down in 1915 during the war and later rebuilt (the synagogue separate story house of prayer for women); out - buildings use communal cooperative. Founded cemetery is not known, area of ​​0.4 hectares, not fenced, vandalized and destroyed, now - arable field. Found on site fragments of broken gravestones people of good will drew up next to the Catholic Church.
  • Tyszowce

    Founded cemetery is not known completely destroyed, the cemetery is now a nursery school; in 1988, they set in the former cemetery stone, dedicated to the memory of well-known rabbi tyszowieckiego, ben Josef. Founded cemetery is not known, the fence still exists, devastated, no tombstones.
  • Uchanie

    Founded cemetery is not known, the 0.6 hectare-surface, fencing częściwowo preserved, zdewaktowany, no tombstones; reportedly rescued a number of tombstones of the cemetery has been deposited at ul. Cemetery in Uchanie. Grave In October 1942, Germany's murdered two Jewish families near the Jewish cemetery. Place it and a mass grave are fenced grid.