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Jewish Heritage Tour in Galicia Region
Historically, Poland was a Jewish sanctuary, called Po-lin, or “here I rest.” That situation changed with the country’s declining fortunes, the rise of anti-Semitism and eventually the Holocaust when Polish Jewry accounted for nearly half of all Jews killed in the Holocaust.
The unique Jewish life of the Polish shtetl, which was often 90% Jewish, was immortalized in the literature of the great Yiddish writers.
Jews of Poland trace their history back 1,000 years, once constituting three-quarters of the Jewish world. Polish Jewry produced generations of Jewish leaders, rabbis, and scholars and the shtetl was characteristic of how most Polish Jews lived.
Destruction of Jewish Life 1939-1945
Germany invasion of Poland in September 1939 marked the beginning of World War II. In 1939 the was 3.25 million Jews of Poland constituted the second largest Jewish community in the world and were some 10% of the Polish population, reaching higher in cities like Warsaw and Lodz. Almost immediately, Jews in each community were registered with the Nazi authorities and were forced to wear a badge with Yellow Star.
Later they life that they had before was ceased within the ghettos. Jews of different backgrounds, identities and levels of observance were forced together within the confines of small regions of each town and city. Some surrounded by walls others by fences, all of the 1200 ghettos that was created existed under the careful watch of the SS guards. They were used us a labour for German owned businesses, living in very poor conditions with the lack of food, hygiene or medical care.With a fear the random shootings and tortures.
The transport of Jews from ghettos to extermination camps began in January 1942.
Eighty-five percent of Polish Jewry was murdered in the Holocaust, while Germany made Poland itself the killing grounds for the Jews of Europe.
After the war, most survivors left the country in waves of emigration.
Since the collapse of Communism, Jewish life in Poland has been revitalized and some 10,000 Jews live Poland, mostly in Warsaw.
The tours are only propositions and can be adapt to your needs:
Krakow Kazimierz Jewish Quarter
Visit Jewish Kazimierz, including the Jewish Museum in the Old Synagogue, the Old Cementary, historical overview of Jewish life in Cracow and Kazimierz, retrace the key sites of Spielberg’s work – Schindler List, Sote of Jewish Ghetto in Podgorze (Lasota Hill), Pharmacy Under the Eagle: Ghetto Museum, Schindler’s Factory, sites of Plaszow concentration camp.
Tours to concentrations camps and places connected with a Shoah
Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oswiecim-Brzezinka) the place that became the symbol of the Holocaust, the most well known commentary and place of genocide in the world. Started in 1940 as a concentration camp for Polish political prisoners, Auschwitz became the centre for extermination of European Jews in 1942. During 1940-1945, the Nazis killed about 1,500,000 here, mainly Jews, but also Poles, Gypsies, Russians POWs and members of other nationalities as well. You can visit Auschwitz Museum and Birkenau Death Camp – main monument, ruins of crematoria, preserved barracks.
Tours to Jewish Traces, Shtetls and Hasidic Centres.